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Kinds of Prints

1. What is a Limited Edition?
2. What is a Lithograph?
3. What is a Giclee?
4. What is a Serigraph or Silkscreen?
5. Are there significant quality differences between these types of prints?
6. What does 'S/N' mean?
7. Will the value of a limited edition increase like other collector's items?
8. What is meant by the term 'Archival' and 'acid-free'?
9. Why does it take longer to get my Limited Edition print than it does to get a poster?
10. What is an Artist's Proof, or what does A/P mean?
11. Why are Limited Edition prints so much more expensive than other prints on the site?
12. Do you frame limited editions in the same way as regular posters and prints?
13. Can you frame a print that I already have if I send it to you?
14. What if my print is damaged when I receive it?
15. Why should I have my product framed with you rather than at my local frame shop?

What is a Limited Edition?
A limited edition is a series of identical prints, which are limited to a one-time printing of a certain number of pieces. The artist determines the size of the edition, and usually signs and numbers each individual piece.


What is a Lithograph?
Lithography is based on the principle that oil and water do not mix. Using oil-based ink or a grease crayon, an image is drawn on a flat stone or metal plate. Next, water is applied to the surface and is repelled by the areas where oil-based images have been drawn. The entire surface is then coated with an oil-based ink that adheres only to the areas drawn in oil, ink, or crayon. The image is then printed on paper. The popularity of this process grew because thousands of exact replicas could be made that were like drawings on paper, without degradation of the image.

-What is a color lithograph? Color lithography is essentially the same process as basic lithography. In this process, however, the aplication of each color is printed separately through careful alignment or registration. This process is typically done by a computer analysis, and is most frequently used in the production of posters and open edition prints.

-What is an offset lithograph? Offset lithography transfers the image to paper from a "positive" drawing (rather than from reverse or relief images used in other methods). A large rubber roller picks up the image from the plate and then rolls it onto the paper surface. Thus, the paper never actually touches the original plate image. Offset lithography largely replaced direct lithography once the technology was perfected. It made possible much larger print runs of commercial images, such as posters.


What is a Giclee?
Gicl� is a French word meaning "a spraying of ink". With the advent of gicl�, the art of reproducing fine art has become even more precise. Gicl�'s have the highest apparent resolution available today -- as high as 1,800 dpi. In addition, since no screens are used, the prints have a higher apparent resolution than lithographs and a color range that exceeds that of serigraphy. Displaying a full color spectrum, gicl� prints capture every nuance of an original and have gained wide acceptance from artists and galleries throughout the world.

The patented printing technology utilizes microscopically fine droplets of ink to form the image. A print can consist of nearly 20 billion ink droplets. The microscopic droplets of ink vary in sizes (approximately the size of a red blood cell) and density. This unique patented feature produces a near continuous tone image, smoother gradation between tones, and a more finely differentiated color palette.


What is a Serigraph or Silkscreen?
Silkscreening, which was introduced around 1907, presses ink through a fine screen onto paper. A stencil of an image is placed on a taut screen with paper underneath. Ink is then spread on top and forced through the screen onto the paper with a squeegee. Unlike photo-offset, silkscreening allows the artist to vary the colors and patterns while printing.


Are there significant quality differences between these types of prints?
-In terms of resolution, a giclee print has the highest resolution and color range.

Giclee printmaking offers one of the highest degrees of accuracy and richness of color available in any reproductions technique. Gicl� printmaking provides a luminosity and brilliance that represents the artist's original work better than any reproduction technique available today.

-A Serigraph is created when paint is 'pushed' through a silkscreen onto paper or canvas. A different screen is used for each color in the print, and this results in a print with great color density and many qualities of the original piece in terms of color saturation. This process also adds some texture to the final product.

-A Lithograph is the least manually intensive reproduction technique, and in turn, is not as expensive as a serigraph or giclee. Although images can have a high resolution, and excellent appearance, they will not have the same degree of resolution or color density as a serigraph or giclee.


What does 'S/N' mean?
S/N is a symbol used to indicate that a limited edition has been signed and numbered by the artist himself/herself.


Will the value of a limited edition increase like other collector's items?
By their nature of being limited in number, demand for certain limited edition prints can be greater than the number of reproductions produced for the edition. Once an edition is sold out from the publisher, which means that the print is no longer available from the publisher but may still be available from an authorised dealer, the prints are considered to be on the Secondary Market. This means that the print can be bought and sold by any dealer or individual, often above issue price, depending on supply and demand


What is meant by the term 'Archival' and 'acid-free'?
Paper or canvas treated to neutralise its natural acidity in order to protect fine art and photographic prints from discolouration and deterioration.


Why does it take longer to get my Limited Edition print than it does to get a poster?
We order each limited edition from the publisher upon immediate demand. Therefore, we must take shipping time into account. In the event that you choose to have us frame your limited edition print, we must also allow time to custom frame your print to your exact specifications.


What is an Artist's Proof, or what does A/P mean?
A small group of prints set aside from an edition for an artist's or printer's use. Typically some of the first prints pulled from a limited edition of prints, they are marked as an A.P. and [sometimes] left unnumbered. Artist's proofs generally draw a higher price than other impressions.


Why are Limited Edition prints so much more expensive than other prints on the site?
The premium price of limited editions is a function of the limited supply of each product, and the exceptionally high quality of these prints. Typically, the more manually intensive the process is, the more each limited edition print will cost.


Do you frame limited editions in the same way as regular posters and prints?
No. To preserve and protect the value of a limited edition print, we have developed a special custom framing process for limited editions. Our limited edition print framers are certified and use archival framing practices and materials unless otherwise specified by the customer.


Can you frame a print that I already have if I send it to you?
No. We do not provide framing services for pre-owned prints. All of our framing materials are custom fitted to prints we provide.


What if my print is damaged when I receive it?
We offer a 100% satisfaction guarantee. If for any reason you're not completely satisfied we will gladly accept a return for exchange or for refund, provided the item is returned within 14 days from date of shipment. See our terms and conditions for full details.


Why should I have my product framed with you rather than at my local frame shop?
Its your choice. If you have a trustworthy relationship with a frame shop, you may prefer to receive your print unframed and take it to your framer. However, framing at europicture offers you the same high-quality materials and craftsmanship you would find at a reputable frame shop. In addition, you get the convenience of one-stop shopping, 24 hours a day, as well as attractive pricing that beats most local frame shops. And as always, europicture offers a 100% satisfaction guarantee.

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